Assisted Reproductive Technologies

If you are among those women who are unable to get pregnant through natural ways then you may have heard about the term “Assisted Reproductive Technologies”. It refers to a range of methods which are applied for getting a woman pregnant from completely or partly artificial means. Use of ART may also be required for fertile couples for a range of genetic disorders. This term is wide and it also involves any such reproductive method which includes a third person. For instance, the person who donates his sperm is said to be the third party.

Before Assisted Reproductive Technologies or ART are applied on an individual, various investigations are done for finding out the main cause of infertility. Several tests are conducted for both the husband and wife. Based on these tests, there are three categories of infertile couples. First, either husband or wife has some particular fertility defect. Second, more than one defect is spotted in either husband or wife or both. Third, neither wife nor husband has any defect. Such a condition is named unexplained infertility.

Assisted Reproductive Technologies

Different procedures are included in ART. On the basis of the condition, requirements and consent of the patients, one of the ART procedures are applied on them. ART procedures include Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI), In Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer (IVF-ET) and Gamete Intra Fallopian Transfer. In ICSI, a sperm is injected in to an egg with a fine needle. This procedure is performed under a microscope .IVF-ET procedure is done for the people who have endometriosis, tubal disease, uterine problems, immunological factors etc. In GIFT, sperm of the male and eggs of female are washed and put in the fallopian tube of the woman with the help of a catheter.

Several risks are involved in Artificial Reproductive Technologies. Doctors inform about these risks in advance to the couples. Preterm birth, Ectopic pregnancy, multiple gestation, impulsive abortion and Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome are some of the risks which are associated with ART procedures. The child which takes birth through ART procedures also faces risk of several problems. Consent of both the partners is important before carrying out ART procedures.

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