Female Infertility Explained

A carefully collected data says there are around three million women in the United States of America that direly want to become pregnant but are unable to achieve pregnancy. According to the Federal Center of Disease Control the infertility problems are at its highest figures than ever before. There are various contributing factors of this rising rate of infertility. Some of those are explained below.

Female InfertilityThe cases of gonorrhea have tripled from 1965 to 1976. In the late 1970 the penicillin resistant gonorrhea had become a major health issue. During the same year there was a 600 % increase in the number of women who used Intrauterine Device (IUD)). This increased use of Intrauterine Device (IUD) also puts them at an increased risk of inflammation of the pelvic area. This pelvic inflammation is one of the major causes of infertility in women. According to a research study conducted in 1985, it was said that there were 88000 women who were unable to achieve pregnancy because of the pelvic infections that were caused because of the IUD.

There was an increase in infertility because of the consensual delay in pregnancy into the thirties because of the career demands and the instability of long-term relationships with the partners.

Fallopian tube abnormality was also calculated to be 25 % cause of infertility cases. This blockage can be because of some infection or scarring from endometriosis, or swelling or surgery from current infections.
The ovulation problems contribute around 15 % of all reported infertility cases. Diabetes, thyroid problems, and liver diseases also cause infertility by hindering the process of ovulation.

5 % of infertility cases have the problem of cervical mucus or cervix.

Other infertility factors are exposure to radiations and chemicals or some strenuous exercises. For example marathon running can cause a temporary phase of infertility in women, though the woman has a fairly regular monthly menstrual cycle.

Female InfertilityEndometriosis is an infertility condition in which the tissues that seems similar to the tissues lining the uterus are found outside the uterus. This disorder of uterus is called endometriosis. Endometriosis cause lower abdominal pains. It is not yet conclusively studied that whether this condition develops from the flow of eudiometrical tissue during the menstrual periods beyond and in the fallopian tubes or is because of some embryological mistake. Endometriosis is normally found only on the pelvic organs that surround the uterus, but occasionally it can also be found in some other places like lungs or the upper abdominal area.

The area where the Endometriosis is located may start bleeding at the time of the menstrual periods, in the similar way like endometrial does. This causes the pain in the abdominal areas, as there is no way out for the blood, this blood may cause scarring. This scarring then fastens the ovaries and prevents the egg to reach the fallopian tubes. Even if there is an incomplete blockage because of small areas of endometriosis, and the ovaries are not completely blocked, it may increase the chances of infertility.

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