Types of Birth Control Choices

Birth control should be practiced to prevent both pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, like AIDS, chlamydia, herpes, and genital warts. There are many different methods of birth control. Firstly, if the risks outweigh the pleasure, it is better to abstain from having sex. Other birth control methods are usually successful, but the success rate depends on each type of method and their correct usage. There are a number of methods, generally grouped under the broad term barrier methods. They are the diaphragm, the cervical cap and condoms. Cervical caps and diaphragms, only used by women, require a visit to the doctor. Condoms, on the other hand, are inexpensive and easily available. They are also more successful in protecting from STDs.

Women can also use other birth control methods, such as oral pills, hormonal birth control patch, vaginal contraceptive ring, hormone shots, hormone implants and IUD or Intrauterine Device. These are highly successful methods of birth control. Birth control pills should be taken daily as they are made of estrogen and progestin, two hormones, which prevent ovulation. Though the pill has certain side effects such as depression, water retention, breast swelling, weight gain, nausea and headaches, it also may reduce menstrual duration and cramps.

Birth Control ChoicesIUDs are special device used for birth control. It has not yet been found out how exactly they work, but are widely used, especially by women who do not wish to get pregnant in the future. It is a device of flexible plastic and is placed in the uterus.

Hormone shots work very much like the pill and can have such side effects as headaches, modification of periods, change in weight and mood swings. Hormone implants are no longer available.

Hormonal birth control patches and vaginal contraceptive rings though different form each other, need to be used similarly. They are to be used for three weeks, then removed and seven days later, replaced with a fresh one. They work by releasing such hormones, which prevent pregnancy. Hormonal patches are applied to any one of four parts of the body, which are buttocks, outer arm, upper torso or abdomen. Users of hormonal patches or vaginal contraceptive rings also may have the same side effects as the pill and they should not smoke.
birth control pill
Other birth control methods, used by many people, are sterilization and natural family planning. Sterilization refers to the process of permanent prevention of pregnancy. In women, it is done by permanently closing off the fallopian tubes through a process called tubal ligation. In men, the vas deferens are closed off, stopping sperm, and the process is called vasectomy.

Natural family planning refers to when a couple, through planning, keeps track of the woman’s menstrual cycle and on susceptible days, either abstain from sex or use other barrier methods. It is highly effective, but only when meticulously carried out. In addition, it is important to know that withdrawal is not an effective method of birth control and in most cases is unsuccessful.

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